- About Russia
- Working conditions
- Sectors and companies that are recruiting
- Applying for a job
- Major recruitment pointers
- Recruitment Resources and networks
1. About Russia
Russia has undergone significant changes since the collapse of the Soviet Union, moving from a globally-isolated, centrally-planned economy to a more market-based and globally-integrated economy. Economic reforms in the 1990s privatized most industry, with notable exceptions in the energy and defense-related sectors. The protection of property rights is still weak and the private sector remains subject to heavy state interference. Russian industry is primarily split between globally-competitive commodity producers – in 2009 Russia was the world’s largest exporter of natural gas, the second largest exporter of oil, and the third largest exporter of steel and primary aluminum – and other less competitive heavy industries that remain dependent on the Russian domestic market. This reliance on commodity exports makes Russia vulnerable to boom and bust cycles that follow the highly volatile swings in global commodity prices. The government since 2007 has embarked on an ambitious program to reduce this dependency and build up the country’s high technology sectors, but with few results so far. The economy had averaged 7% growth since the 1998 Russian financial crisis, resulting in a doubling of real disposable incomes and the emergence of a middle class. The Russian economy, however, was one of the hardest hit by the 2008-09 global economic crisis as oil prices plummeted and the foreign credits that Russian banks and firms relied on dried up. The Central Bank of Russia spent one-third of its $600 billion international reserves, the world’s third largest, in late 2008 to slow the devaluation of the ruble. The government also devoted $200 billion in a rescue plan to increase liquidity in the banking sector and aid Russian firms unable to roll over large foreign debts coming due. The economic decline bottomed out in mid-2009 and the economy began to grow in the first quarter of 2010. However, a severe drought and fires in central Russia reduced agricultural output, prompting a ban on grain exports for part of the year, and slowed growth in other sectors such as manufacturing and retail trade. High oil prices buoyed Russian growth in the first quarter of 2011 and could help Russia reduce the budget deficit inherited from the lean years of 2008-09, but inflation and increased government expenditures may limit the positive impact of these revenues. Russia’s long-term challenges include a shrinking workforce, a high level of corruption, difficulty in accessing capital for smaller, non-energy companies, and poor infrastructure in need of large investments.
Read more: Information about Russia at www.cia.gov
Population: 138.7 million
GDP per inhabitant (2010): USD 15,900,-
Unemployment rate (09/10): 7.5%
2. Working conditions
The Russian economy has experienced a major growth in recent years. Western companies are involved in such industries as construction, development and finance, in addition to retail and teaching services. In Russia, foreigners wanting to work must obtain a permit via the employer offering them a post. However it is possible for an individual to apply for an entry visa in order to seek employment in Russia. The procedure for obtaining visas and work permits can be difficult and time-consuming, typically taking up to several months. Most expatriates in Russia are employed by diplomatic missions or foreign companies, while teachers are employed by English language schools. Relatively few jobs are available for foreign workers in the local economy. Good knowledge of Russian is required to work for a local employer.
Russian business is status conscious and hierarchical, and networking is extremely important. An attempt to speak Russian will be greeted warmly and business meetings often begin with a short introduction to each person in the room. Russians are intensely proud of their rich culture and you may be invited to discuss their greatest artists, classical musicians and authors even in business situations, so brushing up on these beforehand could help you fit in.
Legal working hours : 40.0 hours per week.
Length of trial / notice period: 3-6 months.
Employment formalities: Foreigners wishing to work in Russia must request a permit and a work visa. The whole process lasts from 3 to 4 months on average.
3. Sectors that are recruiting
The job market is quite open, but a great deal of vigilance is required. Contact he economic mission: www.missioneco. org/russie/ Different Industry, Engineering, Construction, FMCG.
Companies that are recruiting: Joining the European Union has widely favoured the establishment of large foreign businesses, such as OMV – Petrom, Metro Cash & Carry; E R STE Bank, the KB C Group or Société Générale in the banking and insurance sector. The large-scale distribution, automotive (Renault, Ford not Michelin) or even telephony (Vodaphone, Nokia, Alcatel or France Telecom) sectors are dynamic.
4. Applying for a job
Application documents: There is not standard application form. The application should include the application letter and a CV. These documents should usually be typed. Handwritten application letters are sometimes requested Copies of diplomas are generally not included with your application, however, it might be necessary to bring them to the interview. A passport-sized photograph is occasionally requested for an application.
Advice regarding the CV: In Russia, resumes should follow the same format as anywhere else in the world. The basics (name, address and phone number) are vital. Don’t forget to give your education background. State a clear and concise job objective. This enables you to tailor your resume to a particular position and/or company. This provides focus and a clear sense of direction to those reviewing your resume. List your previous experiences chronologically, beginning with your most recent position. Focus on achievements at your present and previous jobs, especially those involving management skills and critical thinking. Personal data can be included in a short section to wrap up your resume. Bring in any additional skills that don’t fit in to other categories such as languages or computer training. References are not necessary as part of your resume. If necessary, references can be provided at an interview. Sending an application in English is usually sufficient. However, if your language skills are good enough, it could be valuable to send your resume in Russian as well. Always check specific requirements for each position and take them into account when applying for a job.
5. Major recruitment pointers
Business Etiquette/knowing how to behave during interviews:Usually there is more than one job interview in Russia. After speaking with the company’s Human Resource manager, the next job interview will be with your future supervisor. Research the company ahead of time, so you’ll be able to speak effectively and prepared. Arrive early and dress neatly. Women can wear skirts and blouses, while a suit and tie is appropriate for men. It is important to demonstrate good appearance as well as good manners. Prepare for questions about your personal and professional goals. Listen carefully to the questions and answer them directly. Learning Russian is the best way to improve your chances in the Russian job market. With Russian and your native language, you’ll have a great advantage over the competition- both foreign and local.
Languages you must be able to speak: Russian, English, German.
Flagship training: Engineering and Finance studies in famous Universities and Institutes. The State Technical University for Engineering and M. Lomonosov State University and the the State Finance Academy for Finance and Marketing.
Compensation&Benefits / Taxes: 28 days of vacation per year, compensation for private car using, quaterly/half-yearly bonuses and company car for most of commercial position.
6. Recruitment resources and networks
Where to network: Networking is an essential skill for job hunting in Russia. Developing and using personal contacts should be an important part of your strategy. And check these associations:
International Chamber of Commerce
German-Russian Chamber of Foreign Trade
American Chamber of Commerce in Russia
Assosiation of European Businesses