- About Romania
- Working conditions
- Sectors and companies that are recruiting
- Applying for a job
- Major recruitment pointers
- Recruitment Resources and networks
1. About Romania
Romania, which joined the European Union on 1 January 2007, began the transition from Communism in 1989 with a largely obsolete industrial base and a pattern of output unsuited to the country’s needs. The country emerged in 2000 from a punishing three-year recession thanks to strong demand in EU export markets. Domestic consumption and investment have fueled strong GDP growth in recent years, but have led to large current account imbalances. Romania’s macroeconomic gains have only recently started to spur creation of a middle class and address Romania’s widespread poverty. Corruption and red tape continue to handicap its business environment. Inflation rose in 2007-08, driven in part by strong consumer demand and high wage growth, rising energy costs, a nation-wide drought affecting food prices, and a relaxation of fiscal discipline. Romania’s GDP contracted markedly in the last quarter of 2008 as the country began to feel the effects of a global downturn in financial markets and trade, and GDP fell more than 7% in 2009, prompting Bucharest to seek a $26 billion emergency assistance package from the IMF, the EU, and other international lenders. Drastic austerity measures, as part of Romania’s IMF-led agreement led to a further 1.9% GDP contraction in 2010. The economy is expected to return to positive growth in 2011.
Read more: Information about Romania at www.cia.gov
Population: 21.9 million
GDP per inhabitant (2010): USD 11,600,-
Unemployment rate (09/10): 6.9%
2. Working conditions
The Ministry of Labor, Family and Equal Opportunities has an important role in coordinating the institutions in charge with social security systems for employees and the self-employed who move within the European Community, as well as for their family members. It also plays an important role in defining policies, adopting legislation, and managing an important share of the social security system. Social security for unemployment, illness, maternity, disability.
Management culture in Romania
Many companies still function in a traditional manner. Top management makes important decisions and all employees are expected to follow the established rules and procedures. Much business is done at an informal level in Romania, so establish personal relationships. Minutes are drawn up for every meeting, no matter how brief. Romanians are very easy-going and not formal at all. Romanian business cards always include academic title and job title.
Working practices and customs: all employees receive a bonus of one month’s salary in June and at Christmas, so in effect they are paid 14 times their monthly salary each year.
Legal working hours : 40.0 hours per week.
Length of trial / notice period: The usual trial period is 3 months, while the minimum notice is 15 days, and 30 days for management positions. However, the most senior candidates are usually having 3 months notice period for their current employers.
Employment formalities: Residents of European Union (EU) States no longer need a special permit to work in Romania. There is a formal preoffer to be signed by the candidate when accepting the job, while in the first days of work the candidate should sign the official work contract.
3. Sectors that are recruiting
Job offers are primarily delivered at qualified candidates (technicians, engineers, sales representatives). Retail, oil&energy, companies which are currently under expansion plans in Romania, plans which are not changed dramatically by the existing crisis.
Companies that are recruiting: Joining the European Union has widely favoured the establishment of large foreign businesses, such as OMV – Petrom, Metro Cash & Carry; E R STE Bank, the KB C Group or Société Générale in the banking and insurance sector. The large-scale distribution, automotive (Renault, Ford not Michelin) or even telephony (Vodaphone, Nokia, Alcatel or France Telecom) sectors are dynamic.
4. Applying for a job
Application documents: There is not standard application form. The application should include the application letter and a CV. These documents should usually be typed. Handwritten application letters are sometimes requested Copies of diplomas are generally not included with your application, however, it might be necessary to bring them to the interview. A passport-sized photograph is occasionally requested for an application.
Advice regarding the CV: The key focus of your Curriculum Vitae (CV) should be to persuade the employer to invite you for an interview. Your CV is basically a marketing tool, which should be adapted to the audience who will receive it for a specific position. A Romanian CV should include information about your education and qualifications. You should detail your past work experience and responsibilities. List your skills by area and highlight areas of specialist knowledge. Mention your hobbies and other extracurricular activities. Include three references at the bottom of your CV
5. Major recruitment pointers
Business Etiquette/knowing how to behave during interviews:Most of the professionals are rather educated in interviewing techniques, not only in terms of classical business etiquette but also in terms of the desired answers to delicate questions.
Languages you must be able to speak: English, French and German.
Flagship training: Several politechnical Institutes with very good specialisations (IT/Telecom, Constructions, petroleum, Gas), Economic universities with a large number of graduates and also a highly appreciated Medecine and Pharmacy University.
Compensation&Benefits / Taxes: Most of the candidates in Romania are negotiating their salaries in monthly net, since the deductions from the taxes are not so varied and do not affect their net incomes. From the net salary to the total employer costs there is usually a difference of around 70%.
6. Recruitment resources and networks
Where to network:
Extensive trainee programs addressed to students, Labs in the Universities, Job Shop and several very active Student Associations. Several networks of MBA Alumni’s.