- About Peru
- Working conditions
- Sectors and companies that are recruiting
- Applying for a job
- Major recruitment pointers
- Recruitment Resources and networks
1. About Peru
Peru’s economy reflects its varied geography – an arid coastal region, the Andes further inland, and tropical lands bordering Colombia and Brazil. Abundant mineral resources are found in the mountainous areas, and Peru’s coastal waters provide excellent fishing grounds. The Peruvian economy grew by almost 6% per year during the period 2002-06, with a stable exchange rate and low inflation. Growth jumped to nearly 9% per year in 2007 and 10% in 2008, driven by private investment and government spending, but then fell to less than 1% in 2009 in the face of the world recession, a sharp fall of private investment, and a substantial increase in counter-cyclical government spending. Growth resumed in 2010 at above 8%, due partly to a leap in private investment and continued high government spending. Peru’s rapid expansion coupled with the government’s conditional cash transfers and other programs have helped to reduce the national poverty rate by over 19 percentage points since 2002, though underemployment remains high. Inflation in 2010 was within the Central Bank’s 1%-3% target range. Despite Peru’s strong macroeconomic performance, dependence on minerals and metals exports and imported foodstuffs subjects the economy to fluctuations in world prices. Poor infrastructure hinders the spread of growth to Peru’s non-coastal areas. A growing number of Peruvians are sharing in the benefits of growth but despite President GARCIA’s pursuit of sound trade and macroeconomic policies, inequality persists. Nevertheless, he remains committed to Peru’s free-trade path. Since 2006, Peru has signed trade deals with the United States, Canada, Singapore, China, Korea, and Japan, concluded negotiations with the European Free Trade Association (EFTA) and Chile, and begun trade talks with Central American countries and others. The US-Peru Trade Promotion Agreement (PTPA) entered into force 1 February 2009, opening the way to greater trade and investment between the two economies. Rising world prices of foodstuffs and fuel, coupled with strong domestic demand, are immediate concerns for 2011. Peru has continued to attract foreign investment. However, political disputes may impede development of some projects related to natural resource extraction.
Population: 29.2 million
GDP per inhabitant (2010): USD 9.200,-
Unemployment rate (02/11): 7.9%
2. Working conditions
Because the Peruvian population is so young—with 53.8 percent of the population under the age of 25—the working-age population is growing by 300,000 people a year. The U.S. State Department’s 2001 Human Rights Report estimates the workforce to number 8.5 million, of whom 5 percent are unionized. Official unemployment, according to the International Labor Organization, was 10 percent in 2000, but even the government admits that the statistics are misleading. An estimated 60 percent of the population is underemployed. The workforce remains largely unskilled, with many skilled laborers leaving the country to search for work abroad. An estimated 1 million Peruvians now live abroad, the majority of them in the United States or Spain.
The government raised the monthly minimum wage to the equivalent of US$117 in March 2000. The U.S. State Department estimates that more than half the work-force earns less than the minimum wage. The government began dismantling labor laws in the early 1990s as part of the efforts to streamline the economy, open the country to foreign investment, and privatize state-run industries. As a result, labor union activity has declined substantially with the Construction Workers Union and Teachers Union the only 2 organizations retaining a nationwide profile. Strikes called in 1999 and 2000 had little national importance. Under current laws, strikes not approved by the government are illegal. The 1992 labor law made striking and collective bargaining difficult. While collective bargaining is legal, the law says it can only be carried out if it is “in harmony with broader social objectives.” Local and international labor groups also complain about provisions that allow companies to hire 30 percent of the workforce on an “internship” basis, meaning 3-month contracts without social benefits. In addition to government changes to the laws, the Maoist Shining Path guerrillas also made it a policy to infiltrate unions or create their own unions as a way of weakening companies and whole economic sectors. While the Shining Path’s leadership was jailed in 1992 and the group has all but disappeared, the stigma it created for unions remains.
Read more: Peru Working conditions, Information about Working conditions in Peru http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/economies/Americas/Peru-WORKING-CONDITIONS.html#ixzz1bKW4aIAK
Legal working hours : 48.0 hrs / week
Length of trial / notice period: 3 months probationary period; can be prolonged to 6 months by mutual agreement
Employment formalities: Visa rules for Peru depend on your nationality so check with your embassy before leaving for Peru. Generally as a tourist you can stay for up to 90 days without a visa. If you are in Peru for business you need a business visa. There are two basic forms of work permission for foreigners in Peru: a) Carnet de Extranjeria (Residence Visa and Work Permit) – A Labor Contract for intra-company transferees and new hires transferred to an affiliate Peruvian entity; b) A Worker of a Foreign Company Visa – Labor Contract for employees who will be providing services at a client’s site.
3. Sectors that are recruiting
Tourism, Food Industry, Financial Services.
4. Applying for a job
Application documents: Motivation letter – short and clear, explaining motivation and brief summary of the professional project, including position. CV in Spanish. Of course, internet mail is most welcome.
Advice regarding the CV: Every CV is different. Here are somethings that are usually included on a CV here in Peru.
Date of birth
Carne de extranjeria number
Other Skills (languages / computer)
5. Major recruitment pointers
Business Etiquette/knowing how to behave during interviews: You can do several things beforehand to prepare for an interview. Research the company, so that you have some idea of their corporate culture, their successes and their current direction. Prepare a list of your skills, matching it to the Company’s needs. Ask yourself possible questions, and formulate responses. In this competitive job market it is crucial that you are completely prepared for your job interviews. You only get one chance to make a first impression, and your preparation, or lack of, can make the difference between getting the job or remaining on the job search.
Languages you must be able to speak: Spanish, English
Flagship training: Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos
Compensation&Benefits / Taxes: Fixed salary connected to educational background and experience. Bonus linked to the position (area and level of function) and the Company Organization.
6. Recruitment resources and networks
Peruvian Job-listings and Job Advertisements – How can you go about looking for jobs in Peru? It is much easier to find employment overseas once you are in the destination country. But there are several Peruvian job-listings you can check from home. For example, try the new www.vende.pe/peru/trabajo or www.computrabajo.com.pe. Check these sites regularly because new jobs are posted every day. You can also check ads on ExpatPeru. Once you start living in Peru there are other sources open to you, for example advertisements in national newspapers, supermarkets and department stores. The national newspaper ‘El Comercio’ posts job-listings every Sunday. The sources that are best for you will naturally depend on your field of experience and your qualifications.
Where to network: Perhaps the most effective source of all is by word of mouth. Many people will ask why you have come to Peru; take advantage of the opportunity to promote yourself and explain what type of work you are looking for and why. Perhaps someone will be able to recommend a business in the line of work that interests you..