- About Lithuania
- Working conditions
- Sectors and companies that are recruiting
- Applying for a job
- Major recruitment pointers
- Recruitment Resources and networks
1. About Lithuania
Lithuania gained membership in the World Trade Organization and joined the EU in May 2004. Despite Lithuania’s EU accession, Lithuania’s trade with its Central and Eastern European neighbors, and Russia in particular, accounts for a growing percentage of total trade. Privatization of the large, state-owned utilities is nearly complete. Foreign government and business support have helped in the transition from the old command economy to a market economy. Lithuania’s economy grew on average 8% per year for the four years prior to 2008 driven by exports and domestic demand. However, GDP plunged nearly 15% in 2009 – during the 2008-09 crisis the three former Soviet Baltic republics had the world’s worst economic declines. In 2009, the government launched a high-profile campaign, led by Prime Minister KUBILIUS, to attract foreign investment and to develop export markets. The current account deficit, which had risen to roughly 15% of GDP in 2007-08, recovered to a surplus of 4% 2009 and 3.4% in 2010 in the wake of a cutback in imports to almost half the 2008 level. Nevertheless, economic growth was flat and unemployment continued upward to 17.9% in 2010.
Read more: Information about Lithuania at www.cia.gov
Population: 3.5 million
GDP per inhabitant (2010): USD 16,000,-
Unemployment rate (09/10): 17.8%
2. Working conditions
Companies tend to be run along hierarchical and bureaucratic lines. Direct approaches to high-ranking staff may be inappropriate. Adopt a formal approach towards colleagues in the first instance. Meetings are formal and are arranged well ahead, and punctuality is important.
Holidays: The minimum annual leave entitlement is 28 days. In addition, there are 14 public holidays, including 16 February for the anniversary of the re-establishment of the State of Lithuania and 11 March for the anniversary of the re-establishment of Lithuania’s independence.
Tax rates: An income tax rate of 15% is applied to all income, except income from distributed profits and non-taxable income, for which a rate of 20% is applied.
Legal working hours : 40.0 hours per week.
Length of trial / notice period: 3 months.
Employment formalities: Matters regarding foreigners living and working in Lithuania are regulated by the Law on the Legal Status of Aliens and other legal documents issued by the Ministry of Social Security and Labour of the Republic of Lithuania. A foreigner who intends to work in the Republic of Lithuania must obtain a work permit before entering the Republic of Lithuania. A work permit may be issued to a foreigner if there is no specialist in Lithuania meeting the employer’s qualification requirements.
The conditions and order of issue a work permit in Lithuania
To employ a foreigner, an employer must apply to the local labour exchange (by the registered office or by the place of residence) and to register a vacancy. An application to issue a work permit is not considered if an employer has not registered a vacancy one month before submitting an application to the local labour exchange, as specified in legislation.
Read more about the formalities: Lithuanian Labour Exchange
3. Sectors that are recruiting
Companies that are recruiting: Alcatel-Lucent, Coca Cola, HP, Mars, Omnitel, PricewaterhouseCoopers, Renault, Saab, Samsung, Siemens and Volkswagen.
4. Applying for a job
Sending a speculative application consisting of a chronological CV and a personalised letter is a reasonably successful strategy in Lithuania. This is often done after an initial approach by telephone.
Advice regarding the CV: Applications usually take the form of a CV and covering letter. There is no specific type of CV particular to Lithuania. Your covering letter should be typed, short (a maximum of one page) and include a brief explanation of why you are interested in the job and your suitability for the role. However, the CV must contain the following details:
- personal information and contact details;
- previous and current work experience/jobs;
- skills and competencies;
In constructing your CV, it is worth considering that Lithuanian employers value academic qualifications and language skills. They also look for IT competency and business knowledge. It is important to highlight your fluency in English.
5. Major recruitment pointers
Business Etiquette/knowing how to behave during interviews: Interviews in Lithuania are usually conducted on a one-to-one basis. You are likely to be interviewed by your potential line manager. Selection tests, usually aptitude and personality, are used for most positions, except for unskilled jobs. Selection procedures for large, multinational companies are likely to use a mix of different recruitment methods including preliminary interviews and assessment centre activities. You should bring copies of your certificates and references to the interview. Business is conducted in a fairly formal manner and smart appearance is important. The acceptable dress for a business meeting is a business suit for men. Women are recommended to dress fashionably, but not loudly.
When conducting business, err on the side of formality and adhere to conservative etiquette and protocol. There are marked differences between young entrepreneurs and older businesspeople. Younger businesspeople generally have a less bureaucratic approach and are eager to do what is required to close a deal.
Languages you must be able to speak: Lithuanian, which is part of the Indo-European group of languages. The Lithuanian alphabet has 32 letters and the language is closely related to Sanskrit.
Other languages:English is widely spoken. German and French are also popular and knowledge of Russian is widespread.
Flagship training: Lithuania’s “flagship” institution of higher learning is Vilnius University. Others include Vytautas Magnus University in Kaunas, founded by the Lithuanian diaspora of the United States and based on the American model, and the new university in Klaipeda. Unlike the Soviet universities, Lithuanian universities are self-governing and have their autonomy guaranteed by law. The entire system of education is administered by the Ministry of Education and Culture.
Compensation&Benefits / Taxes: N/a.
6. Recruitment resources and networks
Where to network:
Lithuanians often find work through networking, using friends and contacts. Approaching any contacts you already have in the country can be productive.