- About India
- Working conditions
- Sectors and companies that are recruiting
- Applying for a job
- Major recruitment pointers
- Recruitment Resources and networks
1. About India
India is developing into an open-market economy, yet traces of its past autarkic policies remain. Economic liberalization, including industrial deregulation, privatization of state-owned enterprises, and reduced controls on foreign trade and investment, began in the early 1990s and has served to accelerate the country’s growth, which has averaged more than 7% per year since 1997. India’s diverse economy encompasses traditional village farming, modern agriculture, handicrafts, a wide range of modern industries, and a multitude of services. Slightly more than half of the work force is in agriculture, but services are the major source of economic growth, accounting for more than half of India’s output, with only one-third of its labor force. India has capitalized on its large educated English-speaking population to become a major exporter of information technology services and software workers. In 2010, the Indian economy rebounded robustly from the global financial crisis – in large part because of strong domestic demand – and growth exceeded 8% year-on-year in real terms. Merchandise exports, which account for about 15% of GDP, returned to pre-financial crisis levels. An industrial expansion and high food prices, resulting from the combined effects of the weak 2009 monsoon and inefficiencies in the government’s food distribution system, fueled inflation which peaked at about 11% in the first half of 2010, but has gradually decreased to single digits following a series of central bank interest rate hikes. In 2010 New Delhi reduced subsidies for fuel and fertilizers, sold a small percentage of its shares in some state-owned enterprises and auctioned off rights to radio bandwidth for 3G telecommunications in part to lower the government’s deficit. The Indian Government seeks to hold its budget deficit to 5.5% of GDP in FY 2010-11, down from 6.8% in the previous fiscal year. India’s long term challenges include widespread poverty, inadequate physical and social infrastructure, limited non-agricultural employment opportunities, insufficient access to quality basic and higher education, and accommodating rural-to-urban migration.
Population: 1,189.2 million
GDP per inhabitant (2010): USD 3.500,-
Unemployment rate (09/10): 10.8%
2. Working conditions
The liberalization policies of the Indian government, begun in 1991, assisted in opening up the economy to domestic and international competition. Autarkic policies of the past decades had limited foreign investment and prioritized the growth of domestic industry through import substitution and public ownership of much of the means of production. Emphasis on self-reliance had eventually led to an economic crisis, which did not help to improve working conditions for the majority of the Indian labor force. During this period, many skilled and unskilled workers among the population had opted for better employment opportunities in other countries.
Despite the benefits of economic liberalization, it has not quickly solved the problem of unemployment and other social and economic ills. Short-and long-term job losses as a result of competition, for example, have been common, especially among the unprofitable firms. One of the main areas of employment for many of the poor has been the cotton textile industry with its traditional concentration of mills in the cities of Bombay, Ahmedabad, and Coimbatore. Along with mills that use the most advanced technology to process raw cotton and form cotton fiber, there also have existed a large number of small-scale workshops and households that use traditional handlooms (the type used by Mahatma Ghandi) and rely on manual labor for the processing of cotton. India’s market liberalization led to the foreclosure of much of the traditional handloom cotton industry and resulted in nearly 2.3 million workers losing their jobs. Many of these workers have remained unemployed. Managers of the modern mills attribute this to the older age of hand-loom workers and their inflexibility or inability to adjust to the mechanized cotton mills.
As opposed to neighboring China, trade unions in India play a very prominent role in the business community. Every industry has a trade union that advocates the rights and employment opportunities of its members. Trade unions strive to obtain the best deal for their members in terms of wages, working conditions, acceptable remuneration, and welfare packages. As much as 92 percent of the labor force in India is unionized. Some of the laborers of the cotton industry have gained employment in the textile industry, which with its labor force of 39 million is among the largest unionized industries.
Legal working hours : 48.0 hrs / week; in reality more hours.
Length of trial / notice period: 3 months in general however may vary.
Employment formalities: A work permit visa for a duration of first 3 months of employment is granted. After the completion of 3 months, the employee has to submit a declaration from his present employer -stating that his tax is being deducted, following which a permanent work visa is granted for full time employees. The selection of the candidate is based on the requirement and his merit.
3. Sectors that are recruiting
Manufacturing, Telecom, Real Estate, Financial services, Hospitality, Media, FMCG, IT.
4. Applying for a job
Application documents: Resume in Indian or English. Short motivation letter. No reference letters required before the interview.
Advice regarding the CV: Please be short and highlight your work achievements and responsibilities in the various organisations.
5. Major recruitment pointers
Business Etiquette/knowing how to behave during interviews: Indians assess a candidate on parameters like leadership qualities, cultural fitment, personality etc. The responses should hence be such that one displays adaptability, gives positive statements, supports answers with data and relevant examples, and shows openness to change and zeal to work with the potential employer.
Languages you must be able to speak: English is a must, additional local languages or foreign languages will be added advantages.
Flagship training: A post graduate or professional degree in management, technology etc is an asset to one’s profile. Top B schools like IIM, ISB (for Finance, Marketing and Strategy), XLRI (for Human Resource), top Tech institutions like the IIT, MICA (for communication), CA from ICAI (for accounting) and renowned universities like Delhi Univ., Mumbai and Pune Univ. etc .
Compensation&Benefits / Taxes: Base salary,conveyance, housing, retirals, perquisites + performance linked variable pay which adds up to Total-Cost-To-Company.
6. Recruitment resources and networks
Important business networking sites:
The Economic Mission in India
Foreign Chambers of Commerce in India
Indo-French Technical Association
Times Newspaper Jobs
Where to network:
Personal/professional contacts, job sites, internal employee reference, recruitment firms.