- About Egypt
- Working conditions
- Sectors and companies that are recruiting
- Applying for a job
- Major recruitment pointers
- Recruitment Resources and networks
1. About Egypt
Occupying the northeast corner of the African continent, Egypt is bisected by the highly fertile Nile valley, where most economic activity takes place. Egypt’s economy was highly centralized during the rule of former President Gamal Abdel NASSER but opened up considerably under former Presidents Anwar EL-SADAT and Mohamed Hosni MUBARAK. Cairo from 2004 to 2008 aggressively pursued economic reforms to attract foreign investment and facilitate GDP growth. The global financial crisis slowed the reform efforts. The budget deficit climbed to over 8% of GDP and Egypt’s GDP growth slowed to 4.6% in 2009, predominately due to reduced growth in export-oriented sectors, including manufacturing and tourism, and Suez Canal revenues. In 2010, the government spent more on infrastructure and public projects, and exports drove GDP growth to more than 5%, but GDP growth in 2011 is unlikely to bounce back to pre-global financial recession levels, when it stood at 7%. Despite the relatively high levels of economic growth over he past few years, living conditions for the average Egyptian remain poor.
Read more: Information about Egypt at www.cia.gov
Population: 82.1 million
GDP per inhabitant (2010): USD 6.200,-
Unemployment rate (09/10): 9.0%
2. Working conditions
A full work week is generally considered five 8-hour work days in Egypt, from Sunday through Thursday (to a maximum of six full days, which would generally add Saturday as the sixth). Employees are entitled to 21 days of paid leave each year (though they must wait six months before taking their first day off). This increases to an entire month after 10 years of employment (or when the employee reaches the age of fifty, whichever comes first). Employees receive all national holidays designated by the Ministry of Manpower and Training with full pay:
The 1st day of Moharam (Islamic New Year)
The 12th day of Rabie the first (Prophet Mohamed’s birthday)
The 1st and 2nd days of Shawal (1st Bairum)
The 9th, 10th, and 11th days of Zoelhega (2nd Bairum)
The seventh day of January (Eastern Christmas)
Spring day (Sham El Nessim)
The 25th of April (Sinai Liberation Day)
The 1st of May (Labor Day)
The 23rd of July (Revolution Day)
The 6th of October (Armed Forces Day)
After five consecutive years of employment, an employee is eligible for a month’s paid leave to make a religious pilgrimage. Women are allowed 90 days maternity leave after ten months of employment, with full pay. For 24 months after giving birth a woman is entitled to an hour off each day in order to breast feed the child. Women may not exercise their right to maternity more than twice during a single period of employment (as stipulated by their contract, generally five years).
Legal working hours : 41.0 hours per week.
Length of trial / notice period: 2 months standard by law for employees with less than 10 years . For senior positions and by inclusion in employment contracts, could be up to 6 months.
Employment formalities: A work permit is required for any non-Egyptian national. Procedures are fairly complicated, the employer should apply on employee’s behalf.
3. Sectors that are recruiting
Telecoms, Real Estate Development, Retail, Textiles, Oil & Gas, Manufacturing companies.
Companies that are recruiting: No information available.
4. Applying for a job
Application documents: Motivation letters are only common with multinationals, along with CV, however many rely on CV only.
Advice regarding the CV: Always put personal data including date of birth, sex, marital status, education level including institutions and dates. Chronological dates of employers starting with most recent is best. No need to include hobbies or references on CV.
5. Major recruitment pointers
Business Etiquette/knowing how to behave during interviews: Be structured and coherent: Be able and willing to demonstrate your achievements. Stay focused on the questions asked. Dress professionally and conservatively.
Languages you must be able to speak: Arabic, English. French and German are sometimes requested, but are much less commonly needed.
Flagship training:American University of Cairo (AUC) – Engineering, Business Administration, Mass Communications, newly established international universities: German University, British University, Cairo University (Commerce, Engineering, Law, Arts), Ain Shams University (Commerce, Law, Arts).
Compensation&Benefits / Taxes: Fixed salary according to educational background and experience. Bonus scheme (anyw- here from 1-6 months depending on position and company). Company car (for positions of mid management and up), laptop, mobile. Profit sharing scheme is offered by some companies and banks. Minimum 21 days vacation. All benefits are subject to monthly taxation which equals around 20% of monthly gross salary. Some companies are now offering educational allowances, either for self or children.
6. Recruitment resources and networks
Where to network:
Professional; networks or associations, Alumni, American Chamber of Commerce in Egypt.