- About Australia
- Working conditions
- Sectors and companies that are recruiting
- Applying for a job
- Major recruitment pointers
- Recruitment Resources and networks
1. About Australia
Australia’s abundant and diverse natural resources attract high levels of foreign investment and include extensive reserves of coal, iron ore, copper, gold, natural gas, uranium, and renewable energy sources. A series of major investments, such as the US$40 billion Gorgon Liquid Natural Gas project, will significantly expand the resources sector. Australia also has a large services sector and is a significant exporter of natural resources, energy, and food. Key tenets of Australia’s trade policy include support for open trade and the successful culmination of the Doha Round of multilateral trade negotiations, particularly for agriculture and services. The Australian economy grew for 17 consecutive years before the global financial crisis. Subsequently, the Rudd government introduced a fiscal stimulus package worth over US$50 billion to offset the effect of the slowing world economy, while the Reserve Bank of Australia cut interest rates to historic lows. These policies – and continued demand for commodities, especially from China – helped the Australian economy rebound after just one quarter of negative growth. The economy grew by 1.2% during 2009 – the best performance in the OECD – and by 3.3% in 2010. Unemployment, originally expected to reach 8-10%, peaked at 5.7% in late 2009 and fell to 5.1% in 2010. As a result of an improved economy, the budget deficit is expected to peak below 4.2% of GDP and the government could return to budget surpluses as early as 2015. Australia was one of the first advanced economies to raise interest rates, with seven rate hikes between October 2009 and November 2010. The GILLARD government is focused on raising Australia’s economic productivity to ensure the sustainability of growth, and continues to manage the symbiotic, but sometimes tense, economic relationship with China. Australia is engaged in the Trans-Pacific Partnership talks and ongoing free trade agreement negotiations with China, Japan, and Korea.
Population: 21.8 million
GDP per inhabitant (2010): USD 41.000,-
Unemployment rate (02/11): 5.2%
2. Working conditions
In world terms, Australian working conditions are of a high standard. Australian industrial relations are characterized by fairly high union membership and a federally driven, but state determined, compulsory arbitration and conciliation system. Industrial relations practices are specified in the Conciliation and Arbitration Act (1904), which encouraged employer associations to recognize unions and empowered these unions to make working condition claims on behalf of employees. In Australia there are 7 distinct systems of industrial regulation and relations: the national system is supplemented by those of the 6 states, each having its own distinct industrial relations legislation and arbitration processes. As a result, there has long been a high degree of state intervention in the labor market. There is now only 1 main central union confederation, the Australian Council of Trade Unions (ACTU). “Awards” are the legal decisions made by independent industrial organizations, and they specify minimum standards of pay and working conditions that an employer must meet or otherwise face legal penalties. Working conditions are regulated by legislation and industrial awards.
While Australia carries no social restrictions on employment opportunities for women, the percentage of women in the formal workforce has traditionally been smaller than that of men. Female participation in the workforce has been increasing steadily since the early 1960s, when women comprised 25 percent of the work-force. In 1993, women’s participation in the workforce was still increasing at 42 percent. The national Affirmative Action (Equal Employment Opportunity for Women) Act (1986) obliges employers to take steps specifically designed to remove discrimination towards women and promote equality in employment. Despite this act and award conditions for equal pay for equal work being well established, women’s earnings on average remain slightly less their male counterparts. This inequity is partially due to the fact that women remain concentrated in industries where pay and working conditions remain relatively less favorable than other occupations and professions. More recent trends in equal opportunity employment address factors such as childcare, maternity and paternity leave, affirmative action, and sexual harassment, and sees them as significant industrial relations issues rather than exclusively women’s issues.
Unemployment in Australia has been between 6 and 8 percent since the early 1980s and continues to remain in this range. Many Australian employers have readily employed immigrant workers, especially in times of labor shortages.
Read more: Australia Working conditions, Information about Working conditions in Australia http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/economies/Asia-and-the-Pacific/Australia-WORKING-CONDITIONS.html#ixzz1bEvbDfFl
Legal working hours : 35.7 hrs / week
Length of trial / notice period: 1 two four weeks depending on the time of permanent service to the company
Employment formalities: Australia has opened its doors to the world with one of the largest emigration drives ever. If you had dreamed to go to Australia, this is the best time to do so. There are many things actually that make Australia an excellent choice to migrate to. It has wonderful climate, an open and highly mixed society where everyone feels at home with their ethnicity, yet very much part of the country, good salary packages and lower living costs and short working hours.
The present emigration program offers a four-year visa with an open option to remain in the country permanently if you find it suitable at the end of the period.
3. Sectors that are recruiting
There is a most wanted list for certain professions such as engineers, doctor, IT professionals, etc and if your profession is one of those, you should immediately apply. In order to find out details you need to get in touch with the Australian Embassy or you can seek information online. The greatest demand in Australia is for professions in the mining industry. In case you fall into that category, you will be very welcome in Australia..
4. Applying for a job
Application documents: Companies usually request a CV (called a résumé in Australia) and covering letter, or they may have their own application form. Speculative applications are common in Australia and if you have a particular company in mind that you wish to contact there is nothing stopping you from applying direct
Advice regarding the CV:Two to three pages. On the top, educational background and contact details. Positions to be presented in chronological reverse order, with information on the company, position, results and figures. Publications, leisure activities or interests could be the last part. Employer will make his own reference checks but a names list could be asked for.
5. Major recruitment pointers
Business Etiquette/knowing how to behave during interviews: You can do several things beforehand to prepare for an interview. Research the company, so that you have some idea of their corporate culture, their successes and their current direction. Prepare a list of your skills, matching it to the Company’s needs. Ask yourself possible questions, and formulate responses. Australian job interviews are usually international standard interviews, with possible screening tests, and things like behavioral tests, situational tests, etc. Generally, the interview panel will be at least three people, a convener, an independent, and usually another person from the employer’s organization.
It is better to be overdressed than underdressed and this often means wearing a suit. The easiest way to find out what is expected of you is to ring the receptionist and ask what the dress code is. Even if it is casual, you should still dress in smart business clothes. Keep accessories like jewellery to a minimum, make sure your is hair tidy and your shoes must be clean.
Languages you must be able to speak: English
Flagship training: Australian National University, University of Melbourne, University of Sydney, University of Queensland, University of Western Australia, University of New South Wales, Macquarie University and Monash University.
Compensation&Benefits / Taxes: Fixed salary connected to educational background and experience. Bonus linked to the position (area and level of function) and the Company Organization. Company medical; possible Company car, laptop, mobile, etc. Profit sharing scheme is often offered.
6. Recruitment resources and networks
Many jobs are advertised online. Below is a list of websites containing information on permanent, temporary and casual opportunities. Many sites also contain job-seeking resources:
Byron Employment – job-listing service with an email alerts for candidates, plus a searchable database of recruitment agencies.
Careerone – large job site.
Graduate Careers Australia – graduate careers and recruitment in Australia, plus links to employer and careers service sites.
Graduate Opportunities (Australasia’s graduate jobs directory) – vacancies for graduates and links to major employers.
Jobaroo – for jobseekers returning or going to Australia.
JobSearch – national vacancy database, searchable by region, with a section on graduate jobs.
Jobsearch Australia – specialises in the IT/computer industry.
jobsguide – vacancy database searchable by region.
MyCareer – links to jobs advertised in the Australian newspapers.
Positions VACANT – an online recruitment service for job seekers throughout Australia.
Travel Jobs Network – classified job advertisements for careers in travel, tourism, hospitality and casual backpacker positions.
Best sites for jobs: See above.
Where to network: If you’re joining the paid workforce for the first time, returning after a break or contemplating a career change and are unsure of what type of work you want to do, you’ll find The Job Guide an excellent resource. Published by DEEWR, it gives an outline of duties, education and training for hundreds of jobs. Use this as a starting point to narrow down your career choices.